Interactions with relevant national, European and international projects
The PURE project will take stock of lessons learned from the outcomes of other relevant international, European and national initiatives and projects, mainly the ENDURE Network.
ENDURE - Diversifying Crop Protection
ENDURE is a consortium of research institutes, universities and extension organisations that provides information, tools and services to scientists, policy and farm advisers, and trainers concerned with Integrated Pest Management (see attached document "ENDURE for other projects"). It will continue to enrich its portfolio of tools and resources and will make them available to PURE. Conversely, new research tools developed and results obtained by PURE will be proposed to ENDURE ERG to contribute to its enrichment.
PURE will take advantage of the dissemination channels of ENDURE to disseminate its results.
- ENDURE Information Centre http://www.endureinformationcentre.eu
- ENDURE Network of Advisors http://www.endure-network.eu/what_is_endure/endure_tools_and_services/endure_network_of_advisers2
The results of PURE will suggest new research priorities that will feed the research agenda of ENDURE ERG.
PURE will benefit from the research results and tools built by the ENDURE EU-project (2007-2010) and will build new results upon them as described in the table below.
Table – Interactions between PURE and ENDURE
|Type of outcome||ENDURE EU-Project outcomes||How PURE will use these results|
|Research results||Current situations (Current, Advanced and Innovative) identified in different farming systems by the ENDURE Case Studies (CS) and System Case Studies (SCS): Wheat CS and Winter Crops Based Cropping Systems, Maize CS and Maize Based Cropping Systems, Field Vegetables CS, Pomefruit CS and Orchard SCS, Grapevine CS, and Tomato CS.||Use of these identified situations across Europe as an initial basis for the design of innovative IPM solutions by Cropping Systems activities.|
|Assessment tool||DEXiPM system ex-ante assessment tool: generic structure implemented for Arable crops (Winter wheat-based and Grain Maize-based systems).|
- Adapation and use of DEXiPM in the Cropping Systems activities to ex-ante and ex-post assess farming systems in the design-assessment-adjustment cycle in order to design innovative IPM solutions.- Update the different versions of DEXiPM in function of their use in Cropping Systems activities and feedback from stakeholders.
Software package for modelling.
Universal Simulator is a modelling-tool software package for collaborative ecological modelling that can be used to exchange and combine building blocks and tools for the development of ecological models.
- On this basis, "IPM design and assessment methodology" resaerch activity will develop a collaborative platform to help develop models working at the field scale aimed at designing IPM solutions.- This collaborative platform will be used by 2 research activities (Pest evolution, Ecological engineering)
|Wheatpest, a simulation model for yield losses caused by wheat diseases, insects and weeds inEurope. The yield losses are calculated in answer to an injury profile in a given production situation.||- WHEATPEST will be improved regarding an important input variable (Radiation Use Efficiency) and used in Wheat CS activity to help design intermediate and advanced IPM solutions.|
- IPM design and assessment methodology" resaerch activity will setup a generic online dynamic version of Wheatpest (named XPEST) and possibilities will be explored to apply this approach to other crop species in some Cropping Systems activities (maize-based systems, grapevine and protected vegetables).
Platform to share field methods and protocols
|Quantipest is a collaborative platform that aims at compiling, organising and providing relevant information in order to help plant protection scientists design adapted and sharable methods and protocols for characterisation of injuries or pest populations, in field experiments as well as in commercial fields|
-"IPM design and assessment methodology" resaerch activity will make the QUANTIPEST platform available to Cropping Systems activities to help share methods to characterize injuries and pest populations for on-station and on-farm tests of IPM solutions.
|ENA (ENDURE Network of Advisor) gathering more than 100 advisors from all overEurope, who already took part in the development of ENDURE tools by providing their feedback and who volunteered to exchange their best practices between them.||- Members of the ENA will be invited to take part to the design of IPM solutions with other stakeholders as part of Cropping Systems activitiesdesign-assessment-adjustment cycles.- PURE will take advantage of ENA for its dissemination activities.|
Conversely, PURE will also contribute to and build synergies with relevant on-going and up-coming projects, especially the ones funded by the EC's 6th and 7th framework-programmes, as exemplified by the following table:
Table - Expected information flows between PURE and European projects ( àfor PURE; ßfrom PURE)
|Projects||Connections with PURE|
à Information on pest risks associated with potential invasive pests, to be considered by PURE in IPM solution assessmentßInformation on novel IPM strategies that can affect regulated pests
à Use of 2 of the 3 tools developed by Footprint to assess the environmental risk of the IPM solutions designed in PURE: FOOT-FS (at the Farm Scale) and FOOT-NES (at the National and EU Scales). These tools provide pesticide risk assessment and risk reduction from the scale of the farm to the EU scale.ß PURE will help the perpetuation of the self-financing FOOTPRINT support structure by promoting the deployment of the FOOTPRINT tools across the EU; providing results of the assessment made in PURE to evaluate the performance of the tools; and providing feedback from stakeholders about their needs for specific development of bespoke (e.g. national, regional) versions of the tools
à Computerized framework to compare alternative agricultural and environmental policy options. SEAMLESS does not address IPM per se, but its data at the NUTS-2 level about regionally representative cropping and farming systems will be useful to set up farm typologies required by the design processes in PURE. Its methodological focus on impact assessment and its experience of a participatory approach with relevant stakeholders will also benefit to PURE.
ß Comparison of the impact of agricultural and environmental policy impacts on the design of innovative IPM solutions.
à Accurate assessment tool of the external costs of agricultural pesticide use to be used in the assessment of the IPM solutions designed by Cropping Systems activities. Identified means that can help in the promotion of more integrated pesticide management practices will be tested in priority.
ß Verification of the validity of the theoretical models and policy tools (socially optimal tax and levy scheme aimed at the reduction of pesticide use) proposed by Teampest by applying them in selected EU countries.
à The concept of crop health sensors, crop identification system, and environmentally adaptive spraying, used as basis for further development of precise sensing and canopy adapted spraying methods. These methods and technologies will be included in innovative IPM solutions designed in Cropping Systems activities.
ß Innovative IPM solutions including these strategies assessed by Cropping Systems activities
à Inclusion of the formulated products for replacement of copper in Pomefruit and Grapevine developed by REPCO in the design of IPM solutions by Cropping Systems activities.
ß Further develop biocontrol agents identified in REPCO and field implementation on pomefruit and grapevine. Assessment of formulated products included in IPM solutions
à Inclusion of biofungicides, resistant lines and markers of resistance of Wheat identified by Bioexploit as alternative methods or potential cultivars to be used in innovative IPM solutions designed in Cropping Systems activities.
ß List of interesting cultivars assessed for their use in IPM solutions.
à PRATIQUE focuses on enhancing tools for pest risk analysis. At least two activities in PRATIQUE will result in outputs that are relevant to PURE: (1) risk mapping of pests and diseases at European scale, and modelling the spatial process of pest invasion upon entry, and the economic consequences thereof; (2) improved techniques for assessing disease propagation in production chains, which will feed into the chain risk modelling in WP1.
ß Innovative IPM solutions designed using these assessment tools in Cropping Systems activities.
à Innovative IPM strategies to reduce soil erosion and lead to increased formation of soil humus.
ß Innovative IPM solutions including these strategies of soil management assessed by Cropping Systems activities.
à New diagnostic tool using DNA barcoding to identify quarantine organisms in support of plant health included in innovative IPM solutions designed by Cropping Systems activities. The barcoding system will also be used for BCA certification in WP9.
ß Assessment of the DNA barcoding usefulness in IPM solutions and needs for improvement of the technology.
FP7 Legume Futures
à Design of novel legume based rotations which are aimed to optimise environmental and socio-economic benefits for different pedo-climatic region will be included in the design of innovative IPM solutions by Cropping Systems activities.
ß Assessment of the IPM solutions including these designs.