Maize Cropping system in PURE

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

With 11 M hectares, maize is one of the most important crops in Europe with crop protection by-and-large reliant on intensive pesticide use. The IPM solutions developed by PURE are calculated to reduce pesticide use by 40% on average.

Key elements of IPM in maize are first, crop rotation with winter crops, legumes and cover crops, secondly forecasting and monitoring and thirdly alternative measures against weeds and pests.

On the Maize activity page, you can find all information about the background, the objectives and the approach of this workpackage.

The IPM training guide sheet presents the Endure approach to design maize based rotations.

The use of DSS, forecasting, and monitoring of pest, disease and weeds will reduce the number of pesticide applications. Second, band application techniques and precision spraying will reduce herbicide volumes. And lastly, efficient use of inter-row cultivation, mechanical weeding, and reliance on biological control and pheromones against European corn borer, wireworms, cutworms, and Western corn rootworm will substitute herbicide and insecticide treatments. Beyond mere reduction, the IPM solutions developed will be more environmentally sustainable due to the reduced frequency of treatments combined with the selection of pesticides with lower mobility and eco-toxicity.

An intense collaboration is planned with "Emerging technologies" research activity which will make available a DSS engine for weed control in maize. See attached the report.

Equally, "Plant-pest-enemies interaction" research activity will provide new biopesticides to be tested in field conditions.

Studies will concentrate on southern grain maize systems and experimental sites map covers six countries: France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands and Slovenia.

6 on-station and 11 on-farm sites for a total of 21 experiments are in place all around Europe.

6 virtual visits are now available on the website. You can visits on-farm trials in France, Germany, Italy (2012, 2013 in two sites: Villavecchia, Sasse Rami) and Slovenia.

Maize activity produced different publications:

One booklet about the first results obtained during the first year;

One deliverable report about the IPM solutions tested.

Three scientific publications:

  • one report about critical pests and innovative IPM tools; this work complete the study accomplished into the Endure network.
  • two publications in scientific journals:
  1. Vasileiadis, V.P., Veres, A., Furlan, L., Sattin, M. (2012) Careful choice of insecticides in Integrated Pest Management strategies in maize conserves Orius spp. population in the field. IOBC-WPRS Bulletin Vol. 82, 27-31. (Working Group “Pesticides and Beneficial Insects”. Proceedings of the meeting at Marbella (Spain), November 8th -10th, 2011, ISBN 978-92-9067-260-9)
  2. Vasileiadis, V.P., van Dijk, W., Strassemeyer, J., Furlan, L. and Sattin, M. Integrated weed management strategies in maize: agronomic, environmental and economic impact. In: 16th European Weed Research Society (EWRS) Symposium, 24-27 June, Samsun, Turkey, 2013. ISBN 978-90-809789-12, p 298.
  • four publications from FUTURE IN IPM Congress in Riva del Garda (Italy) :

- "IPM AGAINST SOIL PESTS: THE BASIC STRATEGY AND SOME SUCCESSFUL CASE STUDIES" by people from Veneto agricoltora and CNR both from Italy [Book of abstracts P.6]
-  “DIRECTIVE 2009/128/CE AND ARABLE CROPS: HOW CAN WE GET READY FOR THE 1ST OF JANUARY 2014?” by people from Veneto agricoltora and CNR both from Italy [Book of abstracts P.11]
- “SUSTAINABILITY OF EUROPEAN MAIZE-BASED CROPPING SYSTEMS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF IPM AS EVALUATED WITH THE DEXIPM® MODEL” by Maize Cropping system activity team (CNR-Italy, ARVALIS Institut du végétal-France, University of Debrecen-Hungary) [Book of abstracts P.14]
- "FIELD-SCALE EVALUATION OF IPM TOOLS IN MAIZE : WHAT IS THE AGRONOMIC AND ECONOMIC IMPACT?" by Maize Cropping systems people [not in the book of abstracts] 


More information about maize-based cropping systems is available on the ENDURE website:

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ 2007-2013) under the grant agreement n°265865- PURE