Cost-Benefit Analysis : a methodology for the evaluationof the economic performance of IPM

M. Lefebvre

European Commission, Directorate General Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), Agriculture in the Economy Unit, Edificio Expo. c/ Inca Garcilaso, 3, ES-41092 Seville, Spain

The most comprehensive summary of private, producer-level economic evaluations of IPM programs to date was developed by Fernandez-Cornejo et al. (1998), updating the prior work of Norton and Mullen. The 51 studies summarized highlight the fact that while most IPM programs increased profits, increased yields, and reduced pesticide use, these effects did not occur universally. The PURE project aimed at completing this evidence in six key European farming systems (winter-wheat based rotations, maize-based cropping systems, field vegetable crops, pomefruit, grapevine, protected vegetables) and a range of IPM solutions from intermediate (solutions easy to implement and scientifically validated) to advanced (solutions in the experimental stage). Collecting data on costs and benefits of IPM solutions and computing meaningful indicators is a first step to understand the drivers and incentives necessary for widespread IPM adoption. The cost-benefit analysis (CBA) methodology developed enables to aggregate all the information on monetary costs and benefits collected in the on-farm and on-station trials.

 

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ 2007-2013) under the grant agreement n°265865- PURE