Deliverables

Awareness and wider societal implications

In this report, the awareness and the wider societal implications of the PURE project are described. The dissemination issues in the project are addressed and how they contributed to the creation of awareness about the project activities. Also, it is illustrated how the different stakeholders groups were involved and contributed to dissemination.

Guidelines for an efficient implementation of co-innovation approaches for IPM solutions development and implementation based on lessons learned and practical results

This deliverable aims to give members in the PURE project as well as interested researchers, advisers, farmers, and stakeholders outside PURE an introduction on how to ensure an efficient implementation of co-innovation approaches for IPM solutions.

The main content of the deliverable are nine videos which are all available on the internet.

The videos will be accessible from the PURE public website in the near future.

Evaluation of the realized performance and proof of concept of the 5 technologies developed

"Emerging technologies" activity developed new technologies for crop protection based on the combination of detection and monitoring methods at the macro scale (i.e. on whole field scale) and micro scale level (i.e. certain positions in the field) with decision engines and innovative crop protection solutions.

Specifically the objectives were:

1. To do airborne sampling and optical sensing methods for macro scale mapping (Task 1);

Integration of NGS and BioTrove platform data for multipathogen monitoring

The objective of this study is the use of air sampling combined with molecular diagnostics for both direct inoculum-based disease forecasts and as a survey tool. Two different platforms for molecular detection and quantification of pathogens are used. The two platforms are:

Quantified relationship between reflectance, numbers of spores in air and disease severity

In support of the “Emerging Technologies” activity of the PURE project, a new air sampler has been developed based on the principle of virtual impaction. The sampler operates at an air-flow rate of 20 L/minute and provides an efficient way to sample air for biological particles such as spores of plant pathogens.

Landscape effects on pest populations and assemblages including recommendations for the design of pest suppressive landscapes for wheat and orchard based farming systems

This report summarises the findings of a modelling approach taken to explore the effect of landscape structure and the deployment of field scale management strategies on pest population dynamics with the aim of contributing to the design of landscapes management strategies for pest suppression.

Recommendation of manipulation of field margins to achieve pest suppression through conservation Biocontrol

We reported the results of two-years work aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of margin manipulation using flowering mixture to enhance biological control.

The experiment included complementary sampling methods of the natural enemies and of the predation service provided by it.

Recommendations of BCAs treatments after evaluation in field experiments

We reported the results of two-years work aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of margin manipulation using flowering mixture to enhance biological control. The experiment included complementary sampling methods of the natural enemies and of the predation service provided by it. Results suggest that with differences related to the predatory guilds, margin manipulation may enhance predation rate, especially of specialist natural enemies.

Biopesticide treatments with novel mode of action and optimized for an improved activity toward their biological targets (fungi, insects, weeds, mycotoxin biosynthesis) after test

Naturally occurring substances produced by plants or other organisms offer alternatives to synthetic pesticides to control pests, diseases and weeds and new leads when resistance has evolved to currently available pesticides. In vitro bioassays were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of different molecules in combatting target pests.

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The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ 2007-2013) under the grant agreement n°265865- PURE